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Stem Cells. 1998;16(5):349-56.

Differential response of CD34+ cells isolated from cord blood and bone marrow to MIP-1 alpha and the expression of MIP-1 alpha receptors on these immature cells.

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CRC Section of Haemopoietic Cell and Gene Therapeutics, Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester, United Kingdom.


Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1alpha) has been shown to have a role in the control of myeloid stem and progenitor cell proliferation. Recent evidence suggests that MIP-1alpha also has a stimulatory effect on proliferation of mature progenitors as well as an inhibitory effect on immature progenitors in vitro. We have compared the effect of MIP-1alpha on myeloid and erythroid colony formation of CD34+ cells isolated from bone marrow and cord blood. In the presence of MIP-1alpha, bone marrow granulocyte-macrophage-colony forming cells (GM-CFC) were inhibited over a dose range of 15 ng/ml to 500 ng/ml, and GM-CFC from cord blood CD34+ cells were stimulated over the same dose range. MIP-1alpha suppressed BFU-E colonies in both bone marrow and cord blood. Using thymidine suicide assays, the influence of MIP-1alpha on the cycling status of the cells was assessed. A good correlation between the effect of MIP-1alpha on colony formation and cell cycle progression was observed. These results suggest that there is a differential response to MIP-1alpha when bone marrow and cord blood CD34+ cells are compared. Using flow cytometry and a biotinylated human MIP-1alpha/avidin fluorescein conjugate, the expression of MIP-1alpha receptors on CD34+ cells was assessed. The data indicated that there was little quantitative difference in overall expression of receptors (82.9% versus 93%) from bone marrow or cord blood, respectively. However, when Northern blot analysis was used, mRNA for two different MIP-1alpha receptors CCR1 and CCR5 could be detected in bone marrow, but only CCR1 mRNA was seen in cord blood CD34+ samples. Therefore, the expression of different receptor subtypes on CD34+ cells may be responsible for the difference in MIP-1alpha responsiveness observed.

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