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Eur J Cell Biol. 1998 Aug;76(4):288-95.

Subcellular localization and possible function of actin, tropomyosin and actin-related protein 3 (Arp3) in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

Author information

1
Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Japan. cmab@komaba.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

We investigated subcellular localizations and interactions of actin and two actin cytoskeleton-related proteins, Cdc8 tropomyosin and actin-related protein 3, Arp3, in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, using specific antibodies and by gene disruption. Actin was localized to the medial microfilamentous ring in the region of the septum during cytokinesis and to cortical patches by immunoelectron microscopy. F-actin cables were detected throughout the cell cycle by fluorescent staining with Bodipy-phallacidin. Cables were often linked to the patches and to the medial ring during its formation. Tropomyosin was localized to the medial ring and the cables. It was also distributed in the cell as patches, although co-localization with F-actin was not frequent. In cdc8ts mutant cells, F-actin cables were not observed although the F-actin patches were detected and cell polarity was maintained. These observations suggest that the F-actin cables may be involved in the formation of the medial ring, and that tropomyosin plays an important role in organizing both the ring and the cable, but is not involved in the F-actin patch formation or maintenance of cell polarity. Binding of Arp3 to actin was revealed by immunoprecipitation as well as by DNase I column chromatography. Arp3 seemed to form a complex with several proteins in the cell extracts, as previously reported for other organisms. Contrary to a previous report (McCollum et al., EMBO J. 15, 6438-6446, 1996), Arp3 was found to be concentrated in the medial region from early anaphase to late cytokinesis. Following arp3 gene disruption, F-actin patches were delocalized throughout the cell and cells did not undergo polarized growth, suggesting that Arp3 influences the proper localization of the actin patches in the cell and thereby controls the polarized growth of the cell.

PMID:
9765059
DOI:
10.1016/S0171-9335(98)80007-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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