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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1998 Aug;8(4):208-15.

Isokinetic eccentric exercise as a model to induce and reproduce pathophysiological alterations related to delayed onset muscle soreness.

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Dept. of Rheumatology, Copenhagen County Hospital Herlev, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


Physiological alterations following unaccustomed eccentric exercise in an isokinetic dynamometer of the right m. quadriceps until exhaustion were studied, in order to create a model in which the physiological responses to physiotherapy could be measured. In experiment I (exp. I), seven selected parameters were measured bilaterally in 7 healthy subjects at day 0 as a control value. Then after a standardized bout of eccentric exercise the same parameters were measured daily for the following 7 d (test values). The measured parameters were: the ratio of phosphocreatine to inorganic phosphate (PCr/Pi), the ratio of inorganic phosphate to adenosintriphosphate (Pi/ATP), the ratio of phosphocreatine to adenosintriphosphate (PCr/ATP) (all three ratios measured with 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy), dynamic muscle strength, plasma creatine kinase (CK), degree of pain and "muscle" blood flow rate (133Xenon washout technique). This was repeated in experiment II (exp. II) 6-12 months later in order to study reproducibility. In experiment III (exp. III), the normal fluctuations over 8 d of the seven parameters were measured, without intervention with eccentric exercise in 6 other subjects. All subjects experienced pain, reaching a maximum 48 h after eccentric exercise in both exp. I and II. A systematic effect over time for CK (increasing 278% resp. 308%), muscle strength (decreasing more than 10%), PCr/Pi (decreasing 31% resp. 43%) and Pi/ATP (increasing 55% resp. 99%) was found in both exp. I and II (P < 0.05), but not in exp. III. No significant difference was observed between exp. I and II for CK, blood-flow rate, concentric muscle strength, PCr/Pi, Pi/ATP and PCr/ATP. It is concluded that pathophysiological alterations in m. quadriceps following eccentric exercise can be induced and can be reproduced after an interval of 6 months. Thus, this model can be used to study the effects of physiotherapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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