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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1998 Aug;50(2):206-12.

Composition of the cell walls of several yeast species.

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Department of Food Science and Technology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


Cell walls, representing 26%-32% of the cell dry weight, were prepared from several strains of the yeasts Kloeckera apiculata, Debaryomyces hansenii, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, Kluyveromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Extraction of the walls with potassium hydroxide at 4 degrees C, followed by saturation of the alkali-soluble extract with ammonium sulphate gave fractions of mannoprotein, alkali-soluble glucan and alkali-insoluble glucan. Chitin was associated with the alkali-insoluble glucan. The proportions of the different fractions within the walls varied with the species and strain. Mannoprotein comprised between 25% and 34% of the walls, the content of alkali-insoluble glucan ranged from 15% to 48%, and the content of alkali-soluble glucan ranged from 10% to 48%. There was significant variation in the physical appearance of the alkali-soluble glucans and the relative viscosity of suspensions of these glucans. The yeasts could represent novel sources of polysaccharides with industrial and medical applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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