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Mult Scler. 1998 Jun;4(3):99-107.

Cerebrospinal fluid--physiology, analysis and interpretation of protein patterns for diagnosis of neurological diseases.

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Neurochemisches Labor der Neurologischen Klinik, Universitat Göttingen, Germany.


The state of the art in routine CSF analysis is reviewed with particular reference to multiple sclerosis regarding: (1) The physiology and pathophysiology of blood-CSF barrier function and dysfunction with the CSF flow rate as main modulator of blood- and brain-derived protein concentrations in CSF; (2) The neuroimmunological aspects regarding (a) patterns of disease-related immunoglobulin class response (IgG, IgA, IgM) in actual Reiber graphs with reference to specific parameters and optional tests, and (b) the oligoclonal, polyspecific antibody synthesis in brain; (3) Particular marker proteins in CSF and blood for differential diagnosis of neurological diseases; (4) Mathematical base for evaluations of CSF data with an example of a multiple sclerosis patient for calculation of intrathecal immunoglobulin and antibody synthesis as well as Antibody Index.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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