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Int J Food Microbiol. 1998 Aug 18;43(1-2):61-71.

Comparison of five typing methods for the epidemiological study of Listeria monocytogenes.

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Centre National d'Etudes Alimentaires et Vétérinaires de Paris, France.


Five typing methods were compared in a study designed to adapt a strategy for epidemiologically typing large numbers of Listeria monocytogenes strains. The methods studied were serotyping, electrophoretic typing of esterases (zymotyping), restriction fragment length polymorphism of ribosomal DNA (ribotyping), random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Data were analysed by computer-assisted statistical analysis. Included in the analysis were 35 strains of L. monocytogenes, including 14 epidemic strains isolated during outbreaks in France in 1992 and 1993, and 21 strains isolated from food and the environment. Five serotypes, eight zymotypes, ten ribotypes, 13 RAPD patterns and 12 PFGE patterns were identified among the 35 strains. The most discriminating combination of typing methods was ribotyping and PFGE typing [27 types, discriminatory index (D.I.) = 0.978]. A factorial analysis of correspondence for each method differentiated the epidemic strains from the environmental strains. This study shows that computer-assisted statistical treatment of the data, combined with the use of discriminating typing methods, is a powerful tool for the epidemiological analysis of Listeria monocytogenes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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