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Hum Genet. 1998 Aug;103(2):142-4.

Japanese juvenile retinoschisis is caused by mutations of the XLRS1 gene.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


We investigated the XLRS1 gene in Japanese patients with retinoschisis (RS). All exons of the XLRS1 gene were sequenced in 14 males, including a pair of monozygotic twins, from 11 individual families with RS and five of their mothers who are asymptomatic but diagnosed as carriers. Six kinds of missense mutations and a nonsense mutation, including six novel mutations, were detected in all 14 patients and carriers. Mutations in the XLRS1 gene are also responsible for RS in non-Caucasian patients. Most Japanese RS cases are caused by an XLRS1 gene defect. A novel mutation, Glu72Lys, was found in four families, suggesting a common mutation in the Japanese population. Clinical features of RS patients with both the Glu72Lys and Pro193Leu mutations indicate that a genotype-phenotype correlation is not recognized in RS.

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