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J Immunol. 1998 Oct 1;161(7):3249-55.

CD148: a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in the regulation of human T cell activation.

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Immunobiology Department, DNAX Research Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.


Following ligation of the TCR and costimulatory molecules such as CD28, T cells proliferate and secrete cytokines. Several other cell surface molecules have been identified that are capable of augmenting activation mediated via the TCR. These include CD2, CD27, CD40 ligand, and signaling lymphocytic activation molecule. Here, we have characterized the expression and function of CD148, a recently identified receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase. CD148 is expressed at low levels on resting T cells, but is up-regulated following in vitro activation. Cross-linking CD148 with immobilized anti-CD148 mAb induced vigorous proliferation of anti-CD3 mAb-activated, highly purified peripheral blood T cells in an IL-2-dependent, cyclosporin A-sensitive manner. This effect was greatest after 8 days of in vitro culture, suggesting that this molecule is involved in the latter stages of a T cell response. CD148-induced proliferation was significantly greater for CD8+ T cells than for CD4+ T cells. Thus, CD148 is a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase involved in the activation of T lymphocytes.

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