Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1998 Sep;117 Suppl 1:48-51.

Human skin mast cells produce TNF-alpha by substance P.

Author information

First Department of Internal Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.


Using in situ hybridization and the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) we show that messenger RNA for IL-4, IL-5 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is induced by cross-linkage of high-affinity Fc(epsilon) receptors (Fc(epsilon)RI) on human skin mast cells, but that only TNF-alpha mRNA is selectively induced by substance P. Skin mast cells were purified using the Percoll density technique. T cells were removed by serial negative selection using a CD2 monoclonal antibody (mAb) to achieve a final mast cell purity >95%. Purified mast cells were precultured with recombinant human stem cell factor (rhSCF; 10 ng/ml) and myeloma IgE (3 microg/ml) for 16 h before challenge with sheep polyclonal antihuman IgE antibody (anti-IgE; 1 or 10 microg/ml) in the presence of rhSCF (50 ng/ml). Using in situ hybridization, we demonstrated that IgE-dependent stimulation induces the expression of IL-4, IL-5 and TNF-alpha mRNA in skin mast cells. We have investigated the expression of IL-4, IL-5 and TNF-alpha mRNA by substance P, with the result that substance P, 0.003-30 microM, selectively induced TNF-alpha mRNA. However, substance P did not induce IL-4 mRNA and did not enhance IL-5 mRNA. Furthermore, we confirmed the release of TNF-alpha by substance P from skin mast cells using an ELISA technique. These findings demonstrate the capacity of human skin mast cells to transcribe IL-4, IL-5 and TNF-alpha by immunological activation and to transcribe and release TNF-alpha by substance P.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center