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Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 1998 Sep;41(1):59-61.

Ecotoxicological assessment of ashes and particulate matter from fluidized bed combustion of coal.

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Instituto de Carboquímica, CSIC, Zaragoza, 50080, Spain.


Toxicity of ash and particulate matter from the gases generated in coal fluidized bed combustion (FBC) has been determined by the Microtox assay according to the standard leachate procedure. Results are compared with the polycylic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) content of the particulate matter, which was determined by fluorescence spectroscopy. Although PAHs are considered highly toxic compounds, the low ecotoxicity values obtained could be explained by the low solubility of the compounds in water. The Microtox assay may underestimate the toxicity of water-insoluble compounds unless they are previously extracted with an organic solvent. Nevertheless, this type of assay can be very useful for measuring the potential toxicity of residues when exposed to water sources such as rain water and the risk of the components being dissolved and transported by runoff water.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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