Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1998 Sep;2(9):736-42.

Metronidazole has no antibacterial effect in Cornell model murine tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK.

Abstract

SETTING:

Experiments in vitro on the bactericidal activity of metronidazole and in the Cornell model of murine tuberculosis.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the sterilising activity of maximal metronidazole dosage and its activity against bacilli held dormant by immunity in the mouse.

DESIGN:

In vitro experiments showed that metronidazole was only bactericidal at attainable concentrations (50-100 microg/ml) under anaerobic conditions. In the Cornell model, isoniazid 25 mg/kg and high dosage pyrazinamide 1000 mg/kg was given in the diet with and without 1500 mg/kg metronidazole for the initial 14 weeks of sterilising chemotherapy. In the subsequent sterile state, metronidazole at 0, 100 and 250 mg/kg was given by daily gavage for 6 weeks. Finally, the mice were given 3 weeks of high dosage steroids and their organs were cultured in selective liquid medium.

RESULTS:

Metronidazole had no activity either in the initial sterilising phase or in the subsequent sterile state.

CONCLUSION:

The O2 tension in the cellular lesions of murine tuberculosis is unlikely to be sufficiently low to allow metronidazole to act. Its activity should be assessed in caseous lesions.

PMID:
9755928
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ingenta plc
Loading ...
Support Center