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Eur J Pharmacol. 1998 Aug 14;355(1):77-83.

Picotamide, an antithromboxane agent, inhibits the migration and proliferation of arterial myocytes.

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Institute of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Milan, Italy.


Picotamide is an antiplatelet drug with a peculiar dual mechanism of action: it inhibits thromboxane A2 synthase and antagonizes the pharmacological responses mediated by thromboxane A2 receptor. We investigated the in vitro effect of picotamide on smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation. Picotamide (1-500 microM) decreased human and rat smooth muscle cell proliferation, evaluated as cell number, in a concentration-dependent and reversible manner. Picotamide inhibited DNA synthesis induced by fetal calf serum (10%), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB (20 ng/ml)), epidermal growth factor (EGF (1 nM)) and (15S)-hydroxy-11,9-(epoxymethano)prosta-5Z,13E-dienoic acid (U46619 (10 microM, thromboxane A2 receptor agonist)). Co-incubation of U46619 together with EGF or PDGF-BB resulted in a marked amplification of [3H]thymidine incorporation that was completely reversed by picotamide. The drug also inhibited smooth muscle cell migration induced by fibrinogen (600 microg/ml) or PDGF-BB (20 ng/ml) in a concentration-dependent manner. The ability of picotamide to interfere with myocyte migration and proliferation confers, at least in vitro, a pharmacological interest on the compound in atherogenesis.

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