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Neurosci Lett. 1998 Aug 28;253(1):1-4.

Ba2+ does not support synaptic vesicle retrieval in rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes.

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Children's Medical Research Institute, Wentworthville, NSW, Australia.


To investigate whether any specific requirement for extracellular Ca2+ exists in the control synaptic vesicle retrieval, we examined the ability of the divalent cation Ba2+ to substitute for Ca2+ in both vesicle exocytosis and endocytosis. Ba2+ stimulated glutamate release from rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes. Ba2+-evoked release was inhibited by bafilomycin A1, indicating release was via exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. However, Ba2+ did not stimulate vesicle retrieval, monitored by a FM2-10-based retrieval assay. Therefore synaptic vesicle retrieval in central nerve terminals has a specific requirement for extracellular Ca2+ and the Ca2+ receptor for retrieval has a different cation specificity to the Ca2+ receptor for exocytosis.

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