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J Pediatr Nurs. 1998 Aug;13(4):244-51.

An analysis of program and family costs of case managed care for technology-dependent infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


Caring for technology-dependent infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia requires a wide range and intense level of services. Case management programs can offer comprehensive services to patients with complex needs. The Neonatal Pulmonary Program at Tulane University Medical Center is a case management program for infants with chronic pulmonary problems. The purpose of this study was to describe the costs of providing care for technology-dependent infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and to include the direct and indirect costs to families as well as the Program costs. The study population included 89 infants enrolled in the program from September 1987 through February 1992. Outpatient, inpatient, and professional staff costs were derived from hospital and clinic billing information; all other costs were determined through family interviews. Total costs for outpatient services were $59,627 (89), professional team members time $185,539 (89); inpatient services $1,144,930 (89), professional costs for inpatient services $88,946; direct health costs $32,543 (37) for home health care, equipment, medications, special diets; direct non-health costs $30,670 (37) for transportation, meals, child care, lodging during clinic visits and rehospitalizations and household expenses to accommodate equipment needs; and indirect costs $26,173 (37) for missed work days and employment changes.

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