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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Sep 29;95(20):11697-702.

Distinct steady-state nuclear receptor coregulator complexes exist in vivo.

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Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Transcriptional regulation by members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily is a modular process requiring the mediation of distinct subclasses of coregulators. These subclasses include members of the steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1) coactivator family, p300/CBP and their associated proteins, such as p300/CBP-associated factor, human homologs of SWI/SNF proteins such as BRG-1, and the less well-characterized E3 ubiquitin-protein ligases E6 papillomavirus protein-associated protein and receptor-potentiating factor-1. Because functional studies indicate that these coregulators may form higher order complexes, we analyzed steady-state complexes of different coregulator subclasses in vivo. T47D and HeLa cell lysates were subjected to biochemical fractionation and screened by immunoblotting using coregulator-specific antibodies. We show that different subclasses of nuclear receptor coregulators exhibit distinct fractionation profiles. Furthermore, evidence is provided that SRC-1 family members may exist in vivo in heteromultimeric forms with each other. In addition, we demonstrate that liganded PR is present in stable complexes containing SRC-1 and transcription intermediary factor 2 (TIF2) in vivo. Our results suggest that the assembly of large, modular transcriptional complexes by recruitment of distinct subclasses of preformed coregulator subcomplexes may be involved in transcriptional regulation by activated nuclear receptors.

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