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Cancer Lett. 1998 Aug 14;130(1-2):209-16.

Estrogenic and antiproliferative activities on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by flavonoids.

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UPRES EA 1085, Laboratoire de Biochimie, Faculté de Pharmacie, Limoges, France.


The interaction between the estrogen receptor and a variety of flavonoids was studied in the presence or absence of estradiol using a stably-transfected human breast cancer cell line (MVLN). On the other hand, flavonoids were evaluated for their effects on proliferation in estrogen-dependent (MCF-7) and independent (MDA-MB231) human breast cancer cells. We established a relationship structure-activity and determined regions and/or substituents essential for estrogenic or antiestrogenic activities. In contrast, we did not find the same relationship for cell proliferation. Among all flavonoids used, only 7-methoxyflavanone and 7,8-dihydroxyflavone at high concentrations (50 microM) possess antiestrogenic and antiproliferative activities. These results suggest that two hydroxyls (in positions 7 and 8) or 7-methoxy substituents are essential for the antiestrogenic activity of flavonoids. However, it seems that flavonoids at high concentrations exert their antiproliferative activity through other estrogen receptor-independent mechanisms.

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