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Metabolism. 1998 Sep;47(9):1152-5.

The effect of pioglitazone on glucose metabolism and insulin uptake in the perfused liver and hindquarter of high-fructose-fed rats.

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1
Tottori University College of Medical Care Technology, and Chukai Hospital, Yonago, Japan.

Abstract

To investigate the effect of pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione oral antidiabetic agent, on the glucose and insulin metabolism in insulin resistance, a perfusion study of the liver and hindquarter was performed in high-fructose-fed rats. Male Wistar albino rats were assigned randomly to one of the following diets for 2 weeks: (1) normal chow (control group), (2) a diet high in fructose (fructose group), or (3) a high-fructose diet plus pioglitazone (pioglitazone intake of approximately 10 mg/kg body weight; pioglitazone group). The elevated levels of plasma insulin, triglyceride, and free fatty acids (FFA) in the fructose group were normalized by pioglitazone administration. In the perfused liver, the glucagon-induced increment in the glucose output of the fructose (57.1+/-9.1 micromol/g liver/20 min) and pioglitazone (44.7+/-10.1 micromol/g liver/20 min) groups was significantly (P < .01) higher than that in the control group (27.6+/-5.7 micromol/g liver/20 min). The level in the pioglitazone group was significantly (P < .05) lower than that in the fructose group. In the presence of 100 or 500 microU/mL insulin, the insulin-mediated decrement in the glucagon-induced glucose output of the fructose group (29.8+/-7.8 or 38.9+/-9.3 micromol/g liver/20 min) was significantly (P < .05) lower than that in the control (45.8+/-14.2 or 54.5+/-8.5 micromol/g liver/20 min) and pioglitazone (44.4+/-9.2 or 56.2+/-10.8 micromol/g liver/20 min) groups, respectively. In the perfused hindquarter, glucose uptake in the fructose group (8.2+/-2.0 micromol/g muscle/30 min) was significantly (P < .05) lower than that in the control (12.1+/-2.3 micromol/g muscle/30 min) and pioglitazone (11.8+/-3.1 micromol/g muscle/30 min) groups. In the presence of 100 or 500 microU/mL insulin, glucose uptake in the fructose group (12.0+/-5.2 or 17.4+/-3.0 micromol/g muscle/30 min) was significantly (P < .05) lower than that in the control (20.2+/-2.4 or 23.0+/-3.1 micromol/g muscle/30 min) and pioglitazone (17.8+/-2.4 or 20.7+/-2.0 micromol/g muscle/30 min) groups, respectively. Insulin uptake by the liver and hindquarter was not significantly different in the control, fructose, and pioglitazone groups. These results indicate that pioglitazone improves the increased glucagon-induced hepatic glucose output and decreases insulin-induced muscular glucose uptake without altering insulin uptake in high-fructose-fed insulin-resistant rats.

PMID:
9751247
DOI:
10.1016/s0026-0495(98)90292-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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