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J Dairy Sci. 1998 Aug;81(8):2151-8.

Immunization of cows with ferric enterobactin receptor from coliform bacteria.

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Department of Animal Sciences, Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster 44691, USA.


The serum and milk immunoglobulin (Ig) G responses of lactating dairy cows were determined following immunization with ferric enterobactin receptor FepA. Escherichia coli 471 was cultured in iron-depleted medium, and outer membrane proteins were extracted by 2% N-lauroylsarcosine sodium salt and 2% Triton X-100. The FepA was isolated from the outer membrane proteins by ion-exchange chromatography. Twenty cows were assigned to four treatment groups of 5 cows blocked by breed and days in milk. Treatment groups were vaccinated with 100 micrograms of FepA, 500 micrograms of FepA, Escherichia coli J5 bacterin, or sterile phosphate-buffered saline. Primary immunization was at approximately 200 d in milk, and booster immunizations were given 14 and 28 d later. Serum and whey IgG titers to FepA in cows vaccinated with FepA were significantly higher than those from cows vaccinated with either E. coli J5 bacterin or phosphate-buffered saline. Serum and whey IgG titers to FepA were elevated by 14 d in cows vaccinated with FepA. Significant differences were not observed between doses of FepA. The degree of cross-reactivity of purified IgG from cows vaccinated with FepA to E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates was significantly higher than that to a control isolate that lacked FepA production. Immunization with FepA elicited an immunological response in serum and milk.

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