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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Oct 1;1400(1-3):257-74.

Cellular resistance to topoisomerase-targeted drugs: from drug uptake to cell death.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Biology and Pharmacology of DNA Topoisomerases, CNRS UMR 1772, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif Cedex, France. aklarsen@igr.fr

Abstract

DNA topoisomerase inhibitors are important antineoplastic agents used in the treatment of both leukemias and solid tumors, such as breast, lung and colon cancers. Their clinical usefulness is limited by both natural and acquired tumor cell resistance, which almost always is multifactorial in nature. The resistance can be due to pretarget events, such as drug accumulation, metabolism and intracellular drug distribution, or due to reduced drug-target interaction. More recently, post-target events, such as macromolecular synthesis, cell cycle progression, DNA repair/recombination and regulation of cell death, have been shown to play an important role in the sensitivity toward topoisomerase inhibitors. The different mechanisms involved in the cellular resistance toward clinically used topoisomerase inhibitors will be reviewed in this article with particular emphasis on post-target events.

PMID:
9748618
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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