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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Oct 1;1400(1-3):63-81.

Investigating the biological functions of DNA topoisomerases in eukaryotic cells.

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1
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Molecular Pharmacology Department, 332 N. Lauderdale, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. john.nitiss@stjude.org

Abstract

DNA topoisomerases participate in nearly all events relating to DNA metabolism including replication, transcription, and chromosome segregation. Recent studies in eukaryotic cells have led to the discovery of several novel topoisomerases, and to new questions concerning the roles of these enzymes in cellular processes. Gene knockout studies are helping to delineate the roles of topoisomerases in mammalian cells, just as similar studies in yeast established paradigms concerning the functions of topoisomerases in lower eukaryotes. The application of new technologies for identifying interacting proteins has connected the studies on topoisomerases to other areas of human biology including genome stability and aging. These studies highlight the importance of understanding how topoisomerases participate in the normal processes of transcription, DNA replication, and genome stability.

PMID:
9748506
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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