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J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 2;273(40):25929-36.

Molecular cloning and characterization of TIEG2 reveals a new subfamily of transforming growth factor-beta-inducible Sp1-like zinc finger-encoding genes involved in the regulation of cell growth.

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Gastroenterology Research Unit, Saint Marys Hospital, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.


Sp1-like zinc finger transcription factors are involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation. Recent evidence demonstrating that mammalian cells express novel, yet uncharacterized, Sp1-like proteins has stimulated a search for new members of this family. We and others have recently reported that the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-regulated gene TIEG encodes a new Sp1-like protein that inhibits cell growth in cultured cells. Here we report the identification, nuclear localization, DNA binding activity, transcriptional repression activity, and growth inhibitory effects of TIEG2, a novel TGF-beta-inducible gene related to TIEG. TIEG2 is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues, with an enrichment in pancreas and muscle. TIEG2 shares 91% homology with TIEG1 within the zinc finger region and 44% homology within the N terminus. Biochemical characterization reveals that TIEG2 is a nuclear protein, which, as predicted from the primary structure, specifically binds to an Sp1-like DNA sequence in vitro and can repress a promoter containing Sp1-like binding sites in transfected Chinese hamster ovary epithelial cells. Furthermore, functional studies using [3H]thymidine uptake and MTS (3-(4, 3-dimethyltiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-su lfophenyl)-2 H-tetrazolium) assays demonstrate that the overexpression of TIEG2 in Chinese hamster ovary cells inhibits cell proliferation. Thus, TIEG2, together with TIEG1, defines a new subfamily of TGF-beta-inducible Sp1-like proteins involved in the regulation of cell growth.

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