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Physiol Behav. 1998 Jun 1;64(3):331-8.

Neural substrates for leptin and neuropeptide Y (NPY) interaction: hypothalamic sites associated with inhibition of NPY-induced food intake.

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Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville 32610, USA.


Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of leptin, the adipocyte hormone, inhibits neuropeptide Y (NPY)-induced feeding in the rat. To identify the neural substrate for leptin and NPY interaction in the hypothalamus, we evaluated the expression of c-fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI), an early marker of neuronal activation, in response to icv administration of leptin, NPY and leptin plus NPY. As expected, leptin significantly decreased NPY-induced feeding in leptin plus NPY-treated rats. A comparative evaluation of the number of FLI-positive neurons in hypothalamic sites showed that both leptin and NPY activated FLI in the parvocellular subdivision of the paraventricular nucleus (pPVN), dorsomedial nucleus (DMN) and ventromedial nucleus (VMN). NPY also augmented the FLI response in the magnocellular PVN (mPVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON), two sites where leptin alone was ineffective. Combined leptin and NPY treatment significantly decreased the number of FLI-positive neurons in the magnocellular PVN but increased their number in the dorsomedial nucleus as compared to the number of FLI-expressing neurons in these sites after NPY and leptin alone. Because there is morphologic evidence of a link between magnocellular PVN and dorsomedial nucleus, these results suggest the functional involvement of leptin plus NPY responsive elements in these sites in reduction of NPY-induced feeding by leptin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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