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Cell Biochem Funct. 1998 Sep;16(3):173-81.

Mitochondrial sensitivity to AZT.

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Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.


The possibility of tissue-specific effects regarding mitochondrial sensitivity to AZT was evaluated in this study. When mitochondria isolated from liver, kidney, skeletal and cardiac muscle were oxidizing glutamate, a dose-dependent inhibition by AZT of state 3 respiration was observed; using succinate as substrate the inhibition occurred only in skeletal and cardiac muscle mitochondria. The same results were obtained with FCCP-uncoupled mitochondria. NADH oxidase of intact and disrupted mitochondria, isolated from all four tissues was strongly inhibited. Succinate oxidase activity was inhibited by AZT only in intact mitochondria from skeletal and cardiac muscles, suggesting the involvement of succinate transport systems. Similarly, inhibition by the drug of the hydrolytic activity of H(+)-ATPase was observed only in mitochondria of these tissues. These effects taken together, indicate a tissue/carrier-specific inhibition in vitro, although its precise mechanism requires further research.

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