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Br J Dermatol. 1998 Jun;138(6):1046-52.

Reticulolinear aplasia cutis congenita of the face and neck: a distinctive cutaneous manifestation in several syndromes linked to Xp22.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Soroka Medical Center, Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel.


A distinct form of aplasia cutis congenita presenting as linear facial skin defects has been described under a variety of names as Xp deletion syndrome. MIDAS (microphthalmia, dermal aplasia and sclerocornea) syndrome, MLS (microphthalmia and linear skin defects) and Gazali-Temple syndrome. The syndrome is lethal in males, and its severity in females varies from a relatively mild residual facial scarring with short stature to lethal developmental organ malformations. A new case with peculiar ultrastructural findings is presented. A review of the literature suggests that these associations represent a series of contiguous-gene syndromes.

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