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Curr Eye Res. 1998 Sep;17(9):896-902.

Chloride and sodium transport across bovine ciliary body/epithelium (CBE).

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Department of Optometry and Radiography, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China.



To study the chloride and sodium ion transports across the bovine ciliary body/epithelium (CBE) by a modified Ussing-Zerahn type chamber.


Isolated bovine CBE preparations were mounted in a modified Ussing-type chamber and the transepithelial electrical parameters were monitored. The inward (stroma to aqueous) and outward (aqueous to stroma) fluxes of 36[Cl] chloride and 22[Na] sodium ions across the CBE were measured under short-circuited conditions. The effect of 0.1 mM of furosemide and bumetanide on the chloride transport were studied.


The potential difference (PD), the resistance and the short-circuit current (SCC) across the isolated bovine ciliary body were found to be -0.20+/-0.01 mV (aqueous negative), 75+/-1 omegacm2 and -2.70+/-0.17 microAcm(-2) (mean+/-SEM, n=50) respectively. A statistically significant net inward chloride ion flux of 1.12+/-0.41 microEq h(-1)cm(-2) (p < 0.01) was found (n=15). The net chloride transport was abolished when 0.1 mM furosemide (82% inhibition) and 0.1 mM bumetanide (100% inhibition) were applied bilateral. No significant net sodium ion flux was detected.


Electrolyte and fluid transport across the bovine CBE may be via a bumetanide and furosemide-sensitive chloride transport mechanism. The Na-K-2Cl cotransporter plays a significant role in the trans-CBE chloride transport. The net chloride flux/current was about 12 times higher than the measured SCC, suggesting that the chloride ion transport may be coupled to other ion species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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