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Eur J Biochem. 1998 Aug 15;256(1):201-11.

PACSIN, a brain protein that is upregulated upon differentiation into neuronal cells.

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Institut für Biochemie II, Med. Fakultät, Universität zu Köln, Germany.


To identify genes that are differentially expressed during self-repair processes in mouse brain, we screened a subtracted cDNA library enriched for brain-specific clones. One of these clones, H74, detected a 4.4-kb mRNA predominantly expressed in brain and dorsal root ganglia neurons. Expression increased continuously during the lifespan and the state of differentiation, but decreased after entorhinal-cortex lesion. A full-length cDNA clone was isolated from a cerebellum cDNA library and characterized. Sequence analysis and database search revealed high sequence similarity to FAP52, a protein expressed in focal-adhesion contacts, and uncharacterized Echinococcus and Caenorhabditis elegans gene products. Furthermore, peptide sequences derived from human cDNA fragments showed up to 65% sequence identity at the amino acid level. The presence of a C-terminal src homology 3 (SH3) domain and its phosphorylation by casein kinase 2 (CK2) and protein kinase C (PKC) imply a role in signaling. Here we demonstrate that the gene encodes a phosphoprotein, referred to as PACSIN, with a restricted spatial and temporal expression pattern.

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