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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Sep;83(9):3365-8.

A homozygous inactivating mutation in the parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor causing Blomstrand chondrodysplasia.

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INSERM U. 426, Faculté de Médecine Xavier Bichat, Paris, France.


We describe a patient with Blomstrand chondrodysplasia, a lethal genetic disorder characterized by extremely advanced endochondral bone maturation, in whom a homozygous missense mutation is present in the gene coding for the PTH/PTHrP receptor that leads to the substitution of a proline for a leucine in the N-terminal portion of the receptor (P132L). PTH-induced cAMP accumulation was severely reduced in COS-7 cells expressing P132L receptors compared to that of cells expressing wild-type receptors, and PTH-induced inositol phosphate accumulation was not detectable in cells expressing the mutant receptor. Similar results were obtained using PTHrP as an agonist. Maximal specific binding of radioiodinated [Tyr36]PTHrp(1-36) by cells transfected with the P132L receptor was < 10% of that observed for cells transfected with the wild-type receptor. Despite the reduction in radioligand binding to P132L receptors, the intensity and distribution of the fluorescent signal resulting from the expression of receptors fused to GFP were similar for cells transfected with the wild-type and mutant P132L receptors, suggesting a similar degree of cell surface expression. These results firmly establish the role of abnormalities in the PTH/PTHrP receptor in the pathogenesis of Blomstrand chondrodysplasia, and thereby confirm the importance of signaling through the PTH/PTHrP receptor in human fetal skeletal development. Because the amino-acid mutated in the patient described here is otherwise conserved in all mammalian class II G protein-coupled receptors, this abnormality may provide insights into structural features needed for the normal function of this family of receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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