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Calcif Tissue Int. 1998 Oct;63(4):340-5.

Pasteurella multocida toxin stimulates bone resorption by osteoclasts via interaction with osteoblasts.

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Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, RG20 7NN, UK.


In this study we used an in vitro assay system with osteoblast and osteoclast co-cultures to assess the effect of purified recombinant Pasteurella multocida toxin on bone resorption. Resorption was measured by the release of a telopeptide breakdown product of type I collagen. It was found that P. multocida did not stimulate bone resorption by osteoclasts directly and also did not stimulate bone breakdown via the release of collagenase or other proteases from osteoblasts. During co-culture of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, with cell-cell contact prevented, P. multocida toxin produced no significant effect. Osteoblast-conditioned media gave a biphasic effect; low concentrations of P. multocida toxin stimulated bone resorption, whereas 100 ng/ml inhibited resorption by osteoclasts. However, when both cell types were co-cultured with cell-cell contact permitted, P. multocida toxin induced a large concentration-dependent increase in bone resorption over a 7-day period. This suggested that P. multocida toxin causes bone breakdown via an osteoblast-dependent mechanism and that a membrane-bound receptor may be involved.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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