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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1998 Jul;58(4):353-60.

Insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 in a representative population of type 2 diabetic patients in Sweden.

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Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark.



To study the influence of type 2 diabetes on the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) serum levels in an area-based population of type 2 patients previously described.


The patients (n = 151) were elderly (70.6 +/- 0.7 years of age) and moderately overweight (BMI 27.0 +/- 0.4 kg/m2). Most patients (83%) were treated with either diet alone or diet in combination with sulphonylurea. Metabolic control measured as HbAlc deteriorated with duration (p < 0.001) and between groups treated with diet (HbA1c 5.8 +/- 0.6), sulphonylurea (7.5 +/- 0.2) and insulin (7.7 +/- 0.4). Mean levels of IGF-I were within reported normal range, but were lower in the insulin-treated as compared to the non-insulin-treated patients. Levels of IGF-I decreased with diabetes duration and with increased blood glucose. There was a positive correlation between IGF-I and insulin levels and also an inverse correlation between IGF-I and IGFBP-1 levels. The IGFBP-1 levels were twofold higher than reported in non-diabetic individuals. In multiple stepwise correlation analysis, 37% of the variability in IGFBP-1 could be explained by BMI, IGF-I SD score, age, IGF-I, and fasting blood glucose.


Our study indicates that influence of type 2 diabetes on IGF-I bioavailability in individual patients is modulated by insulin, body weight (presumably reflecting insulin sensitivity) and metabolic control. Furthermore, increased levels of IGFBP-1 are strongly associated with decreased b-cell function in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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