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Free Radic Biol Med. 1998 Sep;25(4-5):561-7.

Increased plasma levels of lipid hydroperoxides in patients with ischemic stroke.

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Neurology Service, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA.


A large body of experimental research indicates that the generation of free radicals leading to oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of ischemic brain injury, but evidence in humans is limited. We examined plasma levels of lipid hydroperoxides (measured as cholesteryl ester hydroperoxides, CEOOH) and ascorbic acid in 32 patients with cortical stroke, as compared with 13 patients with lacunar infarct. Patients with cortical stroke had significantly increased levels of CEOOH, which peaked on Day 5 after the ictus. Small decreases in ascorbic acid concentrations were not significant. There was a significant positive correlation of CEOOH with the NIH stroke scale, and a significant negative correlation with the Glasgow coma scale. Concentrations of CEOOH were significantly higher in patients with total anterior cerebral syndrome as compared with patients with partial anterior cerebral syndrome or posterior cerebral syndrome. Stroke volumes computed from CT or MRI scans were significantly correlated with plasma CEOOH levels. These findings implicate oxidative stress in ischemic brain injury in humans and suggest that measurements of CEOOH in plasma may be useful both prognostically as well as in monitoring therapeutic interventions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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