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Am J Med Genet. 1998 Sep 1;79(2):148-51.

Familial migraine with vertigo: no mutations found in CACNA1A.

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Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90095-1769, USA.


We searched for mutations in the voltage-gated calcium channel gene, CACNA1A, in nine propositi of families with migraine headaches and episodic vertigo inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. All 47 exons and flanking introns in CACNA1A were subjected to single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified genomic DNA. Exons with aberrantly migrating fragments were sequenced using standard techniques. We also determined the CAG repeat length at the 3' end of CACNA1A. Several polymorphisms were found but no mutations identified in any of the 47 exons of the 9 patients. No index-case had a CAG repeat length greater than 13 (normal <17). Mutations in CACNA1A are not common in families with migraine headaches and episodic vertigo. Other ion channel genes expressed in the brain and inner ear remain candidate genes.

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