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Syst Appl Microbiol. 1998 Mar;21(1):144-50.

A novel isolate of Bacillus thuringiensis serovar leesis that specifically exhibits larvicidal activity against the moth-fly, Telmatoscopus albipunctatus.

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Biotechnology & Food Research Institute, Fukuoka Industrial Technology Centre, Japan.


A soil isolate designated 88-KO-14-45, belonging to Bacillus thuringiensis serovar leesis (H33), exhibited larvicidal activity against the moth-fly, Telmatoscopus albipunctatus (Diptera: Psychodidae), but not for larvae of the culicine and aedine mosquitoes and Lepidoptera. Purified parasporal inclusions had an LC50 value of 5.78 micrograms/ml for the larval moth-fly, but gave no mortality against larvae of Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae) at protein concentrations up to 10 mg/ml. Electron microscopic observations revealed that the parasporal inclusions are homogeneous round-shaped bodies enclosed with thick, electron dense envelopes. Haemolytic activity against sheep erythrocytes was not detected in the solubilized inclusions. SDS-PAGE showed that the inclusions are composed of 72, 68, 56 and 30 kDa proteins. Immunologically, these proteins were unrelated to the inclusion proteins of B. thuringiensis serovar israelensis, while a 70 kDa protein of the strain 73-E-10-2 (B. thuringiensis serovar darmstadiensis) was seroactive to antibodies against proteins of 88-KO-14-45.

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