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Genomics. 1998 Aug 15;52(1):79-89.

The mouse tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 gene: genomic structure and characterization of the two transcripts.

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Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, 33006, Spain.


The mouse TNFR2 gene has been cloned, sequenced, and characterized as a gene spanning >44 kb of the genome. By alignment of five genomic clones we have established that TNFR2 consists of 10 exons and 9 introns with exons ranging in size from 35 bp to 2.6 kb and introns ranging from 322 bp to >16 kb. All splice acceptor and donor sites conform to the canonical AG/GT rule. The translation initiation and termination sites are located in exon 1 and 10, respectively. Although TNFR2 lacks a canonical TATA box, the gene is transcribed from a unique start site located 70 bp upstream of the ATG initiation codon that conforms to the consensus Inr motif. Several cis-elements for transcription factors were identified in the 5' flanking region, including NF-1, Sp-1, AP2, gamma-IRE, and NF-kappaBeta motifs. Functional analysis indicates that the region -705/-412 contains a negative cis-acting element and that the minimal promoter contains motifs that confer LPS inducibility. Two mouse TNFR2 mRNAs of 3.2 and 4.1 kb are detected by Northern blot analysis, but until now their origin has not been explained. No evidence of alternative splicing of the coding exons was found. However, hybridization studies and amplification of cDNA ends suggest the use of a noncanonical polyadenylation signal in the untranslated region of exon 10. A comparative analysis of the 3' untranslated regions of the human and mouse TNFR2 genes shows highly divergent 3' ends. The possibility of an ancestral mouse TNFR2 mRNA similar to the short transcript is discussed.

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