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Neurosci Lett. 1998 Aug 21;252(3):207-10.

Inhibition of adenosine kinase during oxygen-glucose deprivation in rat cortical neuronal cultures.

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Neurological and Urological Diseases Research, Pharmaceutical Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL 60064-3500, USA.


Adenosine kinase (AK) inhibitors potentiate the actions of endogenous adenosine (ADO) and ameliorate cerebral ischemic damage in animal models. The present study examined the effects of the AK inhibitor, 5-iodotubercidin (5-IT) in an in vitro model of neuronal ischemia, specifically, combined oxygen-glucose deprivation of rat cortical mixed neuronal-glial cultures. Oxygen-glucose deprivation caused extensive neuronal loss which was accompanied by a marked increase in ADO release into the extracellular medium, was ameliorated by exogenous ADO (10 microM(-1) mM), and was exacerbated by a high concentration of the selective A1 receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine (CPT; 10 microM). 5-IT (1 microM) had no effect on extracellular ADO levels nor on neuronal loss. However, AK activity in these cultures was markedly suppressed during oxygen-glucose deprivation. Taken together, these data demonstrate a marked down-regulation of AK activity during oxygen-glucose deprivation in this in vitro model, providing an endogenous mechanism contributing to the accumulation of extracellular ADO, which exerts neuroprotective effects by activating the ADO A1 receptor.

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