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FEBS Lett. 1998 Aug 14;433(1-2):28-32.

The SHBG-like region of protein S is crucial for factor V-dependent APC-cofactor function.

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Department of Clinical Chemistry, Lund University, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.


Activated protein C (APC) regulates blood coagulation by degrading factor Va (FVa) and factor VIIIa (FVIIIa). Protein S is a cofactor to APC in the FVa degradation, whereas FVIIIa degradation is potentiated by the synergistic APC-cofactor activity of protein S and factor V (FV). To elucidate the importance of the sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG)-like region in protein S for expression of anticoagulant activity, a recombinant protein S/Gas6 chimera was constructed. It comprised the amino-terminal half of protein S and the SHBG-like region of Gas6, a structurally similar protein having no known anticoagulant properties. The protein S/Gas6 chimera expressed 40-50%, APC-cofactor activity in plasma as compared to wild-type protein S. In the degradation of FVa by APC, the protein S/Gas6 chimera was only slightly less efficient than wild-type protein S. In contrast, the protein S/Gas6 chimera expressed no FV-dependent APC-cofactor activity in a FVIIIa-degradation system. This demonstrates the SHBG-like region to be important for expression of APC-cofactor activity of protein S and suggests that the SHBG-like region of protein S interacts with FV during the APC-mediated inactivation of FVIIIa.

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