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Transfusion. 1998 Sep;38(9):839-47.

Clinical factors influencing posttransfusion platelet increment in patients undergoing hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation--a prospective analysis.

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  • 1Blood Center, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Platelet transfusion refractoriness remains problematic in the management of patients who have undergone hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation. Bone marrow transplantation itself is reported to be a relevant factor hampering efficient platelet transfusions. However, a prospective analysis assessing factors affecting platelet transfusion efficacy in the setting of hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation has yet to be conducted.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

To identify factors independently influencing platelet transfusion efficacy after hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation, a prospective study was performed to determine the effectiveness of platelet transfusions by estimating posttransfusion (16-hour) corrected count increments (CCI) in 42 consecutive patients (26 who received allogeneic transplants and 16 who received autologous transplants) with 439 available platelet transfusions.

RESULTS:

The mean CCI and percentage of CCI <4500 for all transfusions were 6161.1 +/- 7775.2 per microL and 42.1 percent, respectively. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed high total bilirubin, total body irradiation, high serum tacrolimus, and high serum cyclosporin A to be major factors independently predicting a lower CCI. HLA antibodies with restricted specificity and platelet antibodies were detected transiently in 17 and 14 percent of the patients, respectively. The presence of these antibodies was not, however, associated with a poor response to platelet transfusions.

CONCLUSION:

Platelet transfusion efficacy in hematopoietic progenitor cell transplant recipients is markedly influenced by clinical factors specific to the procedure as well as those already recognized in other settings. Alloimmunization is not, however, a major factor associated with a poor response to platelet transfusions after this procedure.

PMID:
9738624
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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