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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1998 Oct;61(2):169-73.

(-)Ephedrine and caffeine mutually potentiate one another's amphetamine-like stimulus effects.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298, USA.


Using rats trained to discriminate 1 mg/kg of (+)amphetamine (ED50 = 0.4 mg/kg) from saline vehicle in a two-lever drug discrimination procedure, it was shown that (-)ephedrine (ED50 = 4.5 mg/kg), but not (+)ephedrine, substitutes for the (+)AMPH stimulus. It was also shown that caffeine (ED50 = 12.9 mg/kg) can substitute for (+)amphetamine in a dose-related fashion. Doses of (-)ephedrine and caffeine, which produced < or = 1% drug-appropriate responding when administered alone, were able to enhance each other's stimulus effects when administered in combination such that there was a twofold leftward shift in their respective dose-response curves. Furthermore, stimulus generalization occurred when a dose of caffeine that produced saline-appropriate responding when administered alone was administered in combination with (+)ephedrine. It would appear that low doses of (-)ephedrine and caffeine may mutually potentiate one another's stimulus effects in (+)AMPH-trained rats, and that a combination of caffeine and (+)ephedrine result in altered stimulus character when compared to comparable doses of either agent administered alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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