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FEBS Lett. 1998 Aug 28;434(1-2):61-5.

ATP binding site of P2X channel proteins: structural similarities with class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.

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Max-Planck-Institut für experimentelle Medizin, Göttingen, Germany.


The extracellular loop of P2X channel proteins contains a sequence stretch (positions 170-330) that exhibits similarities with the catalytic domains of class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases as shown by secondary structure predictions and sequence alignments. The arrangement of several conserved cysteines (positions 110-170) shows similarities with metal binding regions of metallothioneins and zinc finger motifs. Thus, for the extracellular part of P2X channel proteins a metal binding domain and an antiparallel six-stranded beta-pleated sheet containing the ATP binding site are very probable. The putative channel forming H5 part (positions 320-340) shows similarities with the enzyme motif 1 responsible for aggregation of subunits to the holoenzyme.

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