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Acta Paediatr. 1998 Aug;87(8):842-7.

Importance of training for correct Turbuhaler use in preschool children.

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Department of Paediatrics, Kolding Hospital, Denmark.



To study the impact of both audiovisual information and nurse-training on the use of budesonide Turbuhaler in preschool children who had never used a dry powder inhaler.


A single-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial studied 72 children aged 3-5 y. All children and their parents were shown an instructional video and given written instruction. After this, peak inspiratory flow (PIF1) through Turbuhaler was measured. Children in group A (n = 36) then received individual training by a nurse while those in Group B (n = 36) did not and PIF2 was measured. Afterwards, Group B received similar individual training while Group A received no additional training, and PIF3 was measured. Group A was given a placebo Turbuhaler and encouraged to practice at home. Two weeks later, both groups returned to the clinic where PIF4 was measured.


The number of children who were able to correctly perform PIF1, PIF2 and PIF4 in Group A was 27, 34 and 36, respectively. The corresponding numbers for Group B were 30, 29, and 29. No effect of training was seen in 3-y-old children. Individual training by a nurse was associated with a statistically significant increase in PIF2 (10 l/min; p = 0.014). Moreover, 2 weeks of home training was associated with an additional increase in PIF of 8 l/min compared with Group B (p < 0.015). After individual instruction and home training, mean PIF in children aged 4 and 5 was 56 (42-72) and 55 (41-66) l/min, respectively.


After individual instruction and training at home, the vast majority of children aged 4 and 5 y can use Turbuhaler correctly. Audiovisual information and individual instruction is not sufficient in the majority of these children. Few 3-y-old children can learn the correct use of Turbuhaler.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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