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Int J Immunopharmacol. 1998 Apr-May;20(4-5):153-62.

Inhibitory effect of Asparagus cochinchinensis on tumor necrosis factor-alpha secretion from astrocytes.

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Department of Oriental Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chonbuk, South Korea.


We investigated whether an aqueous extract of Asparagus cochinchinensis Merrill (Liliaceae) roots (ACAE) inhibits secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) from primary cultures of mouse astrocytes. ACAE dose-dependently inhibited the TNF-alpha secretion by astrocytes stimulated with substance P (SP) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). IL-1 has been shown to elevate TNF-alpha secretion from LPS-stimulated astrocytes while having no effect on astrocytes in the absence of LPS. We therefore investigated whether IL-1 mediated inhibition of TNF-alpha secretion from astrocytes by ACAE. Treatment of ACAE to astrocytes stimulated with both LPS and SP decreased IL-1 secretion. Moreover, incubation of astrocytes with IL-1 antibody abolished the synergistic cooperative effect of LPS and SP. These results suggest that ACAE may inhibit TNF-alpha secretion by inhibiting IL-1 secretion and that ACAE has a antiinflammatory activity in the central nervous system.

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