Send to

Choose Destination
J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998 Sep;85(3):979-85.

Caffeine ingestion and metabolic responses of tetraplegic humans during electrical cycling.

Author information

The Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Department H, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK-2200, Denmark.


Normally, caffeine ingestion results in a wide spectrum of neural and hormonal responses, making it difficult to evaluate which are critical regulatory factors. We examined the responses to caffeine (6 mg/kg) ingestion in a group of spinal cord-injured subjects [7 tetraplegic (C5-7) and 2 paraplegic (T4) subjects] at rest and during functional electrical stimulation of their paralyzed limbs to the point of fatigue. Plasma insulin did not change, caffeine had no effect on plasma epinephrine, and there was a slight increase (P < 0. 05) in norepinephrine after 15 min of exercise. Nevertheless, serum free fatty acids were increased (P < 0.05) after caffeine ingestion after 60 min of rest and throughout the first 15 min of exercise, but the respiratory exchange ratio was not affected. The exercise time was increased (P < 0.05) by 6% or 1.26 +/- 0.57 min. These data suggest that caffeine had direct effects on both the adipose tissue and the active muscle. It is proposed that the ergogenic action of caffeine is occurring, at least in part, by a direct action of the drug on muscle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center