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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1998 Aug 31;59(2):256-63.

Lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of IP-10 mRNA in rat brain and in cultured rat astrocytes and microglia.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Freiburg Medical School, Hauptstrasse 5/8, D-79104, Freiburg i. Br., Germany.


Using mRNA differential display technique, we have found a differentially expressed band in rat brain, designated HAP2G1, which was the strongest one induced in response to peripheral administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Sequence analysis showed that HAP2G1 cDNA is the rat homologue of the human alpha-chemokine IP-10. Using RT-PCR technique and in situ hybridization, we demonstrate that IP-10 mRNA was expressed only in brain tissue of rats treated with LPS and not in control brain tissue. Using semi-quantitative PCR, we found that both cultured astrocytes and microglia express IP-10 mRNA after treatment with LPS. LPS-induced IP-10 mRNA reached peak levels in rat brain and in cultured microglia at approximately 3 h after treatment with LPS. At 10 h, IP-10 mRNA was markedly decreased, and at 24 h it was low but still detectable by PCR or in situ hybridization. In contrast to unstimulated microglia, unstimulated astrocytes constitutively expressed IP-10 mRNA at a low level. Increased IP-10 expression could possibly be involved in the microglia response to inflammatory stimuli in vivo.

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