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J Infect Dis. 1998 Sep;178(3):827-33.

The antibody response to 27-, 17-, and 15-kDa Cryptosporidium antigens following experimental infection in humans.

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1
Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA.

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that persons infected with Cryptosporidium parvum develop antibody responses to 27-, 17-, and 15-kDa C. parvum antigens. Studies of volunteers infected with Cryptosporidium species provided an opportunity to evaluate the relationship between antibody reactivity to these antigens and infection outcome. As monitored by immunoblot, increases in specific antibody reactivity were more prevalent among volunteers who developed signs and symptoms of cryptosporidiosis (n = 11) than among asymptomatic infected (n = 7; P = .05) or oocyst-negative volunteers (n = 11; P = .02). Volunteers with preexisting IgG antibody to the 27-kDa antigen excreted fewer oocysts than volunteers without this antibody (P = .003). IgG reactivity to the 17-kDa antigens and IgM reactivity to the 27-kDa antigens were higher at day 0 for asymptomatic infected persons than for those who developed symptoms (P = .03 and P = .04, respectively). These results suggest that characteristic antibody responses develop following C. parvum infection and that persons with preexisting antibodies may be less likely to develop illness.

PMID:
9728553
DOI:
10.1086/515377
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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