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Am J Physiol. 1998 Sep;275(3 Pt 2):R803-10.

IL-1beta increases norepinephrine level in rat frontal cortex: involvement of prostanoids, NO, and glutamate.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


The effects of local administration of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) were studied by using an intracerebral microdialysis technique in rats. A local injection of IL-1beta (3 and 10 ng) induced an elevation of norepinephrine (NE) concentration in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). IL-1-receptor antagonist (800 ng) completely blocked the IL-1beta-induced NE increase. Diclofenac, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor (500 microM), and Nomega-nitro-L-arginine, a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor (100 microM), applied through the dialysis probe, did not affect the initial rise in NE levels observed 20 min after injection of IL-1beta but completely suppressed the late phase of IL-1beta-induced NE increase at 40 min and thereafter. In contrast, local perfusion of 6-cyno-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, a non-N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) glutamate-receptor antagonist (50 microM), but not DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid, an NMDA-receptor antagonist (100 microM), blocked both phases of IL-1beta-induced NE increase. Furthermore, a microinjection of IL-1beta elevated the extracellular concentration of glutamate in the mPFC. These findings suggest that the IL-1beta-induced rise in NE levels in the mPFC is caused by activation of the glutamatergic system and the glutamate-induced increases in prostanoids and NO.

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