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J Immunol. 1998 Sep 1;161(5):2421-7.

Th2-type CD4+ cells neither enhance nor suppress antitumor CTL activity in a mouse tumor model.

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Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, University of Queensland Department of Medicine, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.


Many cervical cancers express the E7 protein of human papillomavirus 16 as a tumor-specific Ag (TSA). To establish the role of E7-specific T cell help in CD8+ CTL-mediated tumor regression, C57BL/6J mice were immunized with E7 protein or with a peptide (GF001) comprising a minimal CTL epitope of E7, together with different adjuvants. Immunized mice were challenged with an E7-expressing tumor cell line, EL4.E7. Growth of EL4.E7 was reduced following immunization with E7 and Quil-A (an adjuvant that induced a Th1-type response to E7) or with GF001 and Quil-A. Depletion of CD8+ cells, but not CD4+ cells, from an immunized animal abrogated protection, confirming that E7-specific CTL are necessary and sufficient for TSA-specific protection in this model. Immunization with E7 and Algammulin (an alum-based adjuvant) induced a Th2-like response and provided no tumor protection. To investigate whether a Th2 T helper response to E7 could prevent the development of an E7-specific CTL-mediated protection, mice were simultaneously immunized with E7/Algammulin and GF001/Quil-A or, alternatively, were immunized with GF001/Quil-A 8 wk after immunization with E7/Algammulin. Tumor protection was observed in each case. We conclude that an established Th2 response to a TSA does not prevent the development of TSA-specific tumor protective CTL.

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