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EMBO J. 1998 Sep 1;17(17):5129-40.

Cloning and characterization of mCtBP2, a co-repressor that associates with basic Krüppel-like factor and other mammalian transcriptional regulators.

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Department of Biochemistry, G08, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2006.


Basic Krüppel-like factor (BKLF) is a zinc finger protein that recognizes CACCC elements in DNA. It is expressed highly in erythroid tissues, the brain and other selected cell types. We have studied the activity of BKLF and found that it is capable of repressing transcription, and have mapped its repression domain to the N-terminus. We carried out a two-hybrid screen against BKLF and isolated a novel clone encoding murine C-terminal-binding protein 2 (mCtBP2). mCtBP2 is related to human CtBP, a cellular protein which binds to a Pro-X-Asp-Leu-Ser motif in the C-terminus of the adenoviral oncoprotein, E1a. We show that mCtBP2 recognizes a related motif in the minimal repression domain of BKLF, and the integrity of this motif is required for repression activity. Moreover, when tethered to a promoter by a heterologous DNA-binding domain, mCtBP2 functions as a potent repressor. Finally, we demonstrate that mCtBP2 also interacts with the mammalian transcripition factors Evi-1, AREB6, ZEB and FOG. These results establish a new member of the CtBP family, mCtBP2, as a mammalian co-repressor targeting diverse transcriptional regulators.

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