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Acta Paediatr. 1998 Jul;87(7):769-73.

No resuscitation orders and withdrawal of therapy in French paediatric intensive care units. Groupe Francophone de Réanimation et d'Urgences Pédiatriques.

Author information

1
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, CERIM, CH et U Lille, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the incidence of different modes of death in French paediatric intensive care units and to compare patients' characteristics, including a severity of illness score (Paediatric Risk of Mortality: PRISM score) and prior health status (Paediatric Overall Performance Category scale), according to the mode of death.

DESIGN:

A 4-month prospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Nine French multidisciplinary paediatric intensive care units.

PATIENTS:

All patients who died in PICUs, except premature babies.

MAIN RESULTS:

Among 712 admissions, 13% patients died. Brain death was declared in 20%, failure of cardiopulmonary resuscitation occurred in 26%, do-not-resuscitate status was identified in 27%, and withdrawal of supportive therapy was noted in 27%. The PRISM score and the baseline Paediatric Overall Performance Category were not different between the four groups. Brain-dead patients were older than those in whom a do-not-resuscitate order and withdrawal of therapy were made (median age 81 vs 7 and 4 months).

CONCLUSIONS:

Decisions to limit or to withdraw supportive care were made for a majority of patients dying in French paediatric intensive care units. Chronic health evaluation and severity of illness index are not sufficient to describe dead-patient populations.

PMID:
9722251
DOI:
10.1080/080352598750013860
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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