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Neuroscience. 1998 Nov;87(1):289-302.

Complementary and overlapping expression of Y1, Y2 and Y5 receptors in the developing and adult mouse nervous system.

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Department of Medical Biophysics and Biochemistry, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Neuropeptide Y, a 36 amino acid peptide, mediates its biological effects by activating the Y1, Y2, Y5 and Y6 receptors, which are also receptors for the structurally related peptide YY. Different classes of receptors have been suggested to be involved in different neuropeptide Y functions. In this report, we have characterized the developmental regulation and compared the cellular localization of these receptors in the developing and in the adult central and peripheral nervous systems of the mouse. RNase protection assays revealed that Y1, Y2 and Y5 messenger RNAs were expressed very early in spinal cord, brain, cerebellum and dorsal root ganglion development and were often down-regulated at times corresponding to their acquirement of the adult function in neurotransmission. In situ hybridization of the adult brain showed that Y1 was widely expressed, Y2 displayed a more restricted pattern, Y5 was expressed at very low levels and only in a few brain nuclei and Y6 was not expressed. Virtually all areas containing neurons positive for Y5 also expressed Y1, whereas many Y1-positive cells clearly did not express Y5. In contrast, Y2 was not expressed by the neurons expressing Y1 or Y5. These findings suggest that neuropeptide Y signaling in the brain could be mediated by simultaneous Y1 and Y5 activation. Similar results were also obtained in peripheral sensory neurons. Furthermore, our results suggest that neuropeptide Y/peptide YY receptors play an important role in nervous system development and that selective receptor combinations are responsible for signaling the different effects of neuropeptide Y in the peripheral and central nervous systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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