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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1998;124(7):401-6.

Fibrous dysplasia associated with intramuscular myxoma (Mazabraud's syndrome): a long-term follow-up of three cases.

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Orthopaedic Department of the Semmelweis University of Medicine, Budapest Karolina út 27, Hungary.


The association between of fibrous dysplasia and intramuscular myxomas is extremely rare. The authors summarize the characteristics of Mazabraud's syndrome, as well as its clinical course on the basis of 24 cases reported in the literature and 3 cases of their own. The syndrome is quite uniform, and mostly occurs in women. Usually the presentation of poliostotic fibrous dysplasia bilaterally in the lower limbs and pelvic bones is followed by the appearance of multifocal intramuscular myxomas in the adjacent muscles, mostly decades later. These hamartomas tend to recur locally or symmetrically in the ipsilateral muscle groups and may reach enormous size without treatment. Malignant transformation (osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma) on the basis of fibrous dysplasia in Mazabraud's syndrome has been reported in the literature. In our cases, however, in spite of the many recurrences, and the enormous size of the tumours, no malignant transformation was noted in either the fibrous dysplasias or the intramuscular myxomas during the long follow-up time (31 years for fibrous dysplasia and 16 years for myxomas). Early wide surgical excision and a careful long-term follow-up for the often very late recurrences of the myxomas is suggested in Mazabraud's syndrome.

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