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J Pediatr Psychol. 1998 Aug;23(4):239-47.

The impact of mothers' sense of empowerment on the metabolic control of their children with juvenile diabetes.

Author information

1
Dept. of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel. florian@ashur.cc.biu.ac.il

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship between mothers' sense of empowerment as a psychological resource and the level of adherence to treatment and metabolic control of their adolescent children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).

METHODS:

Eighty-eight mothers filled out the Family Empowerment Scale, the Mastery Scale, the Self-Esteem Scale, and the Demographic Questionnaire. Their children with IDDM filled out the Self-Care Behaviors Questionnaire. At the same time, the level of glycohemoglobin was retrieved from their medical files.

RESULTS:

Data analysis revealed that mothers' sense of empowerment contributes significantly to their children's adherence to treatment. Moreover, mothers' sense of empowerment and their education explain a significant proportion of the variance in their children's metabolic control.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings support the importance of developing and enhancing the parents' sense of empowerment toward better adherence and metabolic control of their children's IDDM.

PMID:
9718897
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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